Marema Ka Dika: A Collection of Northern Sotho Proverbs and Idioms
Marema Ka Dika is a book by J.R.D. Rakoma that contains a collection of proverbs and idioms in Northern Sotho, also known as Sesotho sa Lebowa. The book was first published in 1971 by Van Schaik Publishers and has since been revised and reprinted several times. The book is divided into three sections: Section 1 contains proverbs (dika), Section 2 contains idioms (diema), and Section 3 contains riddles (dithai). The book also provides explanations and examples of the usage of each proverb and idiom in Northern Sotho.
Proverbs and idioms are an important part of the Northern Sotho language and culture, as they express the wisdom, values, beliefs, and humor of the people. They also enrich the communication and literature of the language, as they can convey complex meanings in a concise and poetic way. Some examples of proverbs and idioms from the book are:
Tau sebata se phelang ka lesapo: A lion that lives by its claw (meaning: A person who relies on his own strength and skills)
Go na le kgomo ya moshate: There is a cow of the chief (meaning: There is something special or extraordinary)
Go tÅwafa ka lebelo: To drink with a spoon (meaning: To be stingy or greedy)
Go ba le leÅilo la mohlagase: To have a monster of a mother-in-law (meaning: To have a troublesome or hostile relationship with one's mother-in-law)
The book is a valuable resource for anyone who wants to learn more about the Northern Sotho language and culture, or to improve their proficiency and fluency in the language. The book can also be used for teaching and learning purposes, as it provides exercises and activities for learners to practice and apply their knowledge of proverbs and idioms. The book is available in PDF format online for free download.In this article, we will explore some of the themes and messages that the proverbs and idioms in Marema Ka Dika convey. We will also look at some of the historical and cultural contexts that influenced the creation and development of these expressions. Finally, we will discuss some of the challenges and opportunities that the proverbs and idioms face in the modern world.
Themes and Messages
The proverbs and idioms in Marema Ka Dika cover a wide range of topics and situations, such as human nature, morality, social relations, nature, animals, religion, politics, and more. Some of the common themes and messages that emerge from these expressions are:
The importance of wisdom, knowledge, and experience. Many proverbs and idioms emphasize the value of learning from elders, ancestors, books, and life itself. For example: Go swana le kgomo ya moshate: To be like the cow of the chief (meaning: To be wise or knowledgeable)
The importance of respect, humility, and gratitude. Many proverbs and idioms advise people to be respectful of others, especially those who are older, higher in status, or have helped them in some way. For example: Go tÅwafa ka lebelo: To drink with a spoon (meaning: To be stingy or greedy)
The importance of courage, perseverance, and self-reliance. Many proverbs and idioms encourage people to face challenges and difficulties with bravery, determination, and confidence. For example: Tau sebata se phelang ka lesapo: A lion that lives by its claw (meaning: A person who relies on his own strength and skills)
The importance of honesty, integrity, and justice. Many proverbs and idioms warn people against lying, cheating, stealing, or harming others. For example: Go ba le leÅilo la mohlagase: To have a monster of a mother-in-law (meaning: To have a troublesome or hostile relationship with one's mother-in-law)
The importance of harmony, cooperation, and unity. Many proverbs and idioms promote the values of peace, friendship, solidarity, and mutual support among people. For example: Go na le kgomo ya moshate: There is a cow of the chief (meaning: There is something special or extraordinary)
These themes and messages reflect the worldview and philosophy of the Northern Sotho people, as well as their aspirations and ideals for themselves and their society. 0efd9a6b88